Biofeedback & Neurofeedback
Biofeedback is the process of becoming aware of what is going on in your body. Biofeedback equipment will be used to gain awareness and control of certain functions of the body such as muscle tension, skin conductance, heart rate, breathing, and pain perception. Biofeedback may be used to improve health, performance, and the physiological changes that often occur in conjunction with changes to thoughts, emotions, and behavior. Eventually, these changes may be maintained without the use of extra equipment, for no equipment is necessarily required to practice biofeedback.
Neurofeedback is a form of biofeedback training that enables the client to alter their brain waves by creating new neural pathways and/or reconnecting impaired ones. Just like with biofeedback, when a person is made aware of what is happening in their body, they can learn to change them. You can think of it as exercise for the brain.
How is it done? Neurofeedback is painless, non-invasive training. It is training the brain. Reconnection of neurons and creating new neutral pathways occurs. One or more sensor(s) are placed on the scalp and one to each ear. The brain waves are monitored by means of an amplifier and a computer-based instrument that processes the signal and provides the proper feedback. This is displayed to the client by means of a video games or other video display, along with audio signals. The client is asked to make the video game run with his/her brain. As activity in a desirable frequency band increases, the video game moves faster, or some other reward is given. As activity is an adverse band increases, the video game is inhibited.
Frequently Asked Questions
How does this training work?
The idea behind Biofeedback/Neurofeedback is to help the client become aware of what is going on inside their body and help gain more control over these functions. Biofeedback/Neurofeedback promotes a healthy physiological response to stress by helping the client control heart rate, creating rate, blood pressure, skin temperature, sweating, muscle activity, and brain waves.
Are there negative side effects?
Biofeedback/Neurofeedback training is considered safe and is generally without harmful side effects. However, occasionally someone may feel tired, spacey, wired or anxious, have difficulty falling asleep, feel irritable, or experience headaches. Because this is a training approach, both desirable and undesirable effects will continue for a short time unless they are reinforced. It is imperative the client communicates these changes to the clinician to ensure proper treatment. This characteristic helps limit the potential for lasting negative effects and allows for the selective reinforcement of positive effects.
How many sessions, on average, does training take?
Varies client to client but average is 10-20 sessions, up to 40.
Is Biofeedback and EEG Biofeedback covered by insurance?
We do not bill insurance, but we will provide documentation if you’d like to send in a claim to your insurance company.
How quick do you see results?
Results depend on the client. They can be seen in as short as one session but will need to be reinforced with subsequent sessions. Results depend on the presenting symptoms and the response to Biofeedback/Neurofeedback.
What can Biofeedback help train?
We do not use Biofeedback/Neurofeedback to treat any psychological disorder; however, it will enable the client to manage symptoms associated with focus problems, hyperactivity, anxiety related problems, depression, chronic pain, sleep, tension, and migraine headaches. When addressing a psychological condition, Biofeedback/Neurofeedback are maximized when paired with talk therapy, parent training techniques, sleep hygiene, and meditation practices. A training plan will be offered at the beginning of services to identify and explore all relevant practices for the presenting individual.